The World Turn’d Upside Down
Research for this book began in earnest following President Nixon’s death in April 1994. That research involved countless hours in libraries: California State Polytechnic University, Pomona and the University of California, Riverside. Research involved both US Senate and House of Representatives Watergate Hearings Proceedings as well as review of microfilm of the following newspapers for reports regarding Watergate and national security for years 1972 through August 1974: Washington Post, New York Times, and the Washington Star News. This all took almost three months of daily effort. This and other research was analogous to dumping a wheelbarrow of sand on the pavement than examining each grain of sand with a jeweler’s eyepiece. Research of this nature could not be done without foreknowledge of the subject matter in question. The scope and intensity of research is similar to highly refined academic research and/or defensive counterespionage
Research was extensive at the National Archives at College Park, Maryland (Archives II) with Nixon Project Watergate documents and presidential tapes. Countless days and hours were spent listening and following tape guides in the Tape Room. I used finder’s guides key wording “national security”. Concerning were the number of “withholds” based on “national security” Still as of July 2014 non released “national security”” tape withholds involve 37 hours, 37 minutes and 3 seconds. These withholds are based on review and recommendations of appropriate US Governmental agencies. National security could involve foreign affairs as well as Illegal Plumbers activity. Withholds also exist regarding Watergate Grand Jury proceedings. In 1975 President Nixon testified at a Watergate Grand Jury. About five pages are withholds based on “national security”. However, in the 1975 Grand Jury Nixon and US Government attorneys stipulated that no national security matters would be disclosed.
Of all prior Grand Juries only one page of withhold has ever been released. So there are unknown number of citations which are still on national security withhold.
Know these withholds go back more than forty years: the American People will likely never know the entire truth about what their government did.
By USPS registered, receipted letter dated April 6, 2016 I requested assistance from Attorney General Loretta Lynch:
I am also attaching previously submitted FOIA requests to the FBI regarding Watergate that were denied disclosure. I request your cooperation in getting said matters released/disclosed.
There was zero reply to this letter request in regards to the Freedom of Information Act. This FBI FOIA request is cited in the Preface as pertains to pages 58 and 59 of the FBI Watergate Summary Report. There national securityredactions on other pages of this Report still not released.
Research also involved reading nearly every book dealing with Watergate by principals, jurists, newspaper journalists, and scholars. Research included efforts to obtain first hand information of Watergate principals. This effort was extensive but did not yield much due to non-replies or non-responsive replies. There seemed to be an overall reluctance to provide any information possessed.
The focus of this book was to get at the issue of what President Nixon himself called “the grave national security matter.” All during the immediate Watergate days and years such was never disclosed or explained by President Nixon or any Watergate principal or official even though the matter eventually led to his departure from office. President Nixon’s book RN did not explain “the grave national security matter.” In reflection President Nixon did not want the matter disclosed for fear that it would destroy the command and control of the US military. Such would clearly be a US Constitutional concern in his role as US Commander-in-Chief. In terms of command and control I was early on informed in my military career that communication within the force, up and down the chain of command, required truth, honesty and accuracy as well as issuance of lawful orders. Otherwise, the integrity of the complete system, command and control, would be in jeopardy and lives could be endangered. Watergate Counsel Samuel Dash was correct
I became aware in 1971 that some persons, not known then, were actively committing egregious crimes against me, a loyal Air Force officer, and in effect on members of my family. I knew at the time the matter was a grave national security matter. Just how grave and who was responsible I did not know. As Watergate began to unfold in 1972 with head shots of Hunt and Liddy in the newspapers, disclosures of their breakin of the Democratic National Headquarters, and President Nixon’s various actions and statements I came to realize just how this all was indeed “a grave national security matter.” I believed then any reporting I did would be discounted, denied, and I discredited and degraded. I did not want then to realize the hard truth that my promising Air Force career was finished at the eleven year point. I remained on active duty as a major for another ten years until involuntarily, forced retired in 1981. Early on in my Air Force career I was informed “Don’t mess up with your career even if you are not at fault. If you embarrass the Air Force in any way your Air Force career is OVER.” I was enraged and felt betrayed and this affected my attitude and duty performance for awhile. As shown, I did take actions to correct my situation, albeit
I have reported here my subsequent actions.
Absolutely no one knew what I knew about my exact Watergate involvement from its inception in 1971 to the present more than 40 years later. I believed following President Nixon’s death in 1994 that the American People have an absolute right and need know what happened. They have a right to know the truth about “the grave national security matter” as best I have been able to discover it.
And, now you the citizen have that information here forty plus years later. During the Watergate era no one, including the Nixon Administration and Plumbers, Watergate Special Prosecutors, military officials, the press, or members of my immediate family had that knowledge. I am grateful that I did not get outed at the time or any time. If that had happened I was prepared on any given day to immediately resign from the Air Force, requesting rapid separation from service. Yet, on each of those days I strove for excellence in my duty performance. I am grateful to President Nixon (though his motivation was likely to avoid responsibility and accountability) and other unknown others for saving me from public Watergate identification. That spared me from me from spending the rest of my adult life “wallowing in Watergate.” Following my unsuccessful Air force career I was able to pursue other rewarding professional interests. However, my wife Pat and I had health problems as a result of Watergate exposure.
Throughout this book I have presented “lessons learned” based on my own experiences and those of Watergate principals and scholars. Based upon what you have read here I encourage you the reader/citizen to develop your own “lessons learned” be it today, tomorrow, or the next twenty to forty years
In saying this I am aware that not many living in the Watergate era are still around. The new generations need to be concerned. It has been said that history has a tendency to repeat itself. We must learn and be vigilant for such Abuses of Power in the future. Again, now it is time that the American people know the truth. President Ford’s previously quoted 1974 statement deserves notice:
“I believe that truth is the glue that holds government together, not only our Government but civilization itself. That bond, though strained, is unbroken at home and abroad.”
Lastly, I have highly valued my private professional, personal and family life. It has been one of precious obscurity and blessed anonymity. My family and I treasure our personal privacy!
Thank you for reading my book.
The Lord Is My Shepherd….
(Psalms 23 )